Orthodontia at Ideal Dental
Orthodontia is a field of dentistry which deals with facial and teeth abnormalities. An extension of orthodontia-- orthodontics, specifically focuses on malocclusion and misaligned teeth. Sometimes surgery of the jaw is also involved in orthodontics to reshape the jaw.
Orthodontia focuses on straightening teeth for both cosmetic and functional purposes. People who suffer from misaligned teeth grow in angles that lead to problems with chewing and biting. Crooked teeth may also lead to issues of teeth spacing, making dental hygiene difficult.
How do you know if you need orthodontic care?
Your dentist will make this recommendation. Diagnostic tools including a complete dental and medical health history, a detailed clinical exam, special photographs and x-rays, plaster models of your teeth are used to determine whether you will benefit from orthodontic care or not. A tailor-made treatment plan will be created based on dental history and the current condition of the teeth.
Who is a good candidate for orthodontic treatment?
If you suffer from any of the following conditions, you may be eligible for orthodontic care:
- Overbite: Referred to as buck teeth, when the upper front teeth protrude out over the lower teeth.
- Underbite: When the lower teeth are further out than the upper teeth.
- Crossbite: When biting normally, the upper teeth do not come down far enough in front of the lower teeth.
- Open bite: When there is a gap between your teeth’s biting surfaces.
- Misplaced midline: When the upper front teeth and the lower front teeth are not symmetrical.
- Spacing: Spaces or gaps between teeth due to teeth that don’t fill up in the mouth or missing teeth.
- Crowding: When there are excessive teeth on the dental ridge.
There are several orthodontic treatment plans available. The severity of your issue will determine which orthodontic treatment is right for you.
- Braces: These are the most common. It includes wires, brackets and bands. Braces are adjusted on a monthly basis to achieve desired results. Braces today are constructed of far less metal and are lighter weight.
- Fixed space maintainers: When a baby tooth is prematurely lost, space maintainers are used until the permanent tooth grows in.
What are some examples of removable appliances?
Aligners: Work similar to braces except they are invisible and can be removed while eating, flossing and brushing. More people are opting for aligners over braces.
Other popular removable appliances include lip and cheek bumpers, jaw re-positioners, removable space maintainers, removable retainers and palatal expanders.
If you are looking to correct the dental issues that can be corrected using orthodontics, contact us today.